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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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a Poland capable of full spiritual and economic creativeness.
" ... The Government will take as a basis for its activities the Act of
Agreement between the Four Parties in Poland dated August 15th, 1943, and
the Declaration of the Council of National Unity of March, 1944. We shall
take the directives in these two acts as general lines on which to work, filling
them out as much as possible. In this way the programme of Underground
Poland which was drawn up in such difficult conditions, will be carried out
most faithfully as the dictate of the national conscience.
"... Apart from the strengthening of our alliance and friendships, the
most important task to be solved by the Government is that of clarifying and
settling our relations with our Eastern neighbour. After a period, 1939-413
which was so difficult and painful for us, the late General Sikorski took the
initiative in this aim. From that time on, it has been the constant care of
the Government to endeavour to normalise the Polish-Soviet relations.
<e The Government which I have the honour to head stands sincerely for
an understanding with the Soviet Union. The Government wishes to do
all in its power to continue the efforts made by the previous Governments
to reach such an agreement as can constitute a guarantee of a genuinely
friendly and lasting settlement between our two neighbouring States. This
understanding must be based on respect for the rights and vital interests of
both sides. It must also be an understanding which will not evoke feelings
of wrong and injustice in the Polish nation . . .
" From the time when Poland was invaded by the armies of the aggressor,
the Polish Government decided irrevocably to continue the war against
Germany together with our Allies and with all the strength still possessed
by our nation. This decision was and is the expression of the nation's
united will. Its proof is the readiness with which even now tens of thousgnds
of Poles enter the fight for liberation in the ranks of our armed forces, un-
hesitatingly springing to action at every call by the lawful authorities of the
" While I am speaking of the Polish Armed Forces, I must give first place
to that part which fights in the most difficult conditions and bears the greatest
sacrifices—the heroic Home Army. The Home Army arose out of the
Underground and has passed over to open fighting on a large scale, which
reached its peak in the Battle of Warsaw.
" During these operations, the Home Army has created many divisions.
Striking simultaneously with the Soviet offensive throughout those parts of
Polish territory involved in military operations, it won a series of victories
in Volyn, in the Wilno district, in the Lublin area, and later round Kielce and
Radorn. For the first time, Polish forces have co-operated with Soviet forces
in the common fight against the common enemy. Thereby, the Home Army
has given a great opportunity to our eastern neighbour to put our mutual
relations on entirely new lines of friendship and brotherhood-tn-arms. Up
to now, this opportunity has, unfortunately, been missed. We are con-
vinced that this has been of harm to the interests of both Poland and Russia.
" The fall of Warsaw hit our Home Army hard. But it must be empha-
sised that it did not terminate this Army's existence nor put an end to its
activities. The Home Army lives and fights on, and in the further progress
of the war against Germany on our territory, constitutes an element which
must be seriously reckoned with.
" I now come to the armed forces abroad. Their services during this
last year have given us a share in the victories of the Allied armies of libera-
tion in Italy and the West of Europe. Our forces . . . animated by a spirit
of self-sacrifice and desire for revenge, have in these great events played a
part immeasurably greater than one would suppose from their numerical